cpsoct — Converts an octave-point-decimal value to cycles-per-second.

**cpsoct** (oct) (no rate restriction)

where the argument within the parentheses may be a further expression.

*cpsoct* and its related opcodes are really *value converters* with a special function of manipulating pitch data.

Data concerning pitch and frequency can exist in any of the following forms:

**Table 7. Pitch and Frequency Values**

Name | Abbreviation |
---|---|

octave point pitch-class (8ve.pc) | pch |

octave point decimal | oct |

cycles per second | cps |

Midi note number (0-127) | midinn |

The first two forms consist of a whole number, representing octave registration, followed by a specially interpreted fractional part. For *pch*, the fraction is read as two decimal digits representing the 12 equal-tempered pitch classes from .00 for C to .11 for B. For *oct*, the fraction is interpreted as a true decimal fractional part of an octave. The two fractional forms are thus related by the factor 100/12. In both forms, the fraction is preceded by a whole number octave index such that 8.00 represents Middle C, 9.00 the C above, etc. Midi note number values range between 0 and 127 (inclusively) with 60 representing Middle C, and are usually whole numbers. Thus A440 can be represented alternatively by 440 (*cps*), 69 (*midinn*), 8.09 (*pch*), or 8.75 (*oct*). Microtonal divisions of the *pch* semitone can be encoded by using more than two decimal places.

The mnemonics of the pitch conversion units are derived from morphemes of the forms involved, the second morpheme describing the source and the first morpheme the object (result). Thus *cpspch*(8.09) will convert the pitch argument 8.09 to its *cps* (or Hertz) equivalent, giving the value of 440. Since the argument is constant over the duration of the note, this conversion will take place at i-time, before any samples for the current note are produced.

By contrast, the conversion *cpsoct*(8.75 + k1) which gives the value of A440 transposed by the octave interval *k1*. The calculation will be repeated every k-period since that is the rate at which *k1* varies.

Note | |
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The conversion from |

Here is an example of the cpsoct opcode. It uses the file *cpsoct.csd*.

**Example 163. Example of the cpsoct opcode.**

See the sections *Real-time Audio* and *Command Line Flags* for more information on using command line flags.

<CsoundSynthesizer> <CsOptions> ; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform -odac ;;;RT audio out ;-iadc ;;;uncomment -iadc if RT audio input is needed too ; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below: ; -o cpsoct.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform </CsOptions> <CsInstruments> sr = 44100 ksmps = 32 nchnls = 2 0dbfs = 1 instr 1 ; Convert octave-point-decimal value into Hz ioct = p4 icps = cpsoct(ioct) print icps asig oscil 0.7, icps, 1 outs asig, asig endin </CsInstruments> <CsScore> ;sine wave. f 1 0 16384 10 1 i 1 0 1 8.75 i 1 + 1 8.77 i 1 + 1 8.79 i 1 + .5 6.30 e </CsScore> </CsoundSynthesizer>

Its output should include lines like this:

instr 1: icps = 440.000 instr 1: icps = 446.110 instr 1: icps = 452.344 instr 1: icps = 80.521