zdf_1pole

zdf_1pole — Zero-delay feedback implementation of 1 pole filter.

Description

Zero-delay feedback implementation of a 1 pole (6 dB/oct) filter. Offers low-pass (default), high-pass, and allpass output modes.

Syntax

asig zdf_1pole ain, xcf [, kmode, istor]

Initialization

istor --initial disposition of internal data space. Since filtering incorporates a feedback loop of previous output, the initial status of the storage space used is significant. A zero value will clear the space; a non-zero value will allow previous information to remain. The default value is 0.

Performance

asig -- high-pass output signal.

asig -- input signal.

xcf -- filter cutoff frequency (i-, k-, or a-rate).

kmode -- filter output type. The default value is 0. The output mode may be one of the following.

  • 0 - low-pass

  • 1 - high-pass

  • 2 - allpass

Examples

Here is an example of the zdf_1pole opcode. It uses the file zdf_1pole.csd.

Example 1165. Example of the zdf_1pole opcode.

<CsoundSynthesizer>
<CsOptions>
-o dac
</CsOptions>
<CsInstruments>

sr	=	48000
ksmps	=	1
nchnls	=	2
0dbfs	=	1

instr 1	
  asig = random:a(-1.0, 1.0) 
  asig = zdf_1pole(asig, line(220, p3, 10000), p4)
  outc(asig, asig)
endin

instr 2	
  asig = vco2(0.5, 220)
  asig = zdf_1pole(asig, line(220, p3, 10000), p4)
  outc(asig, asig)
endin

</CsInstruments>
<CsScore>
i1 0 4 0
i1 5 4 1
i1 10 4 2
i2 15 4 0
i2 20 4 1
i2 25 4 2 
</CsScore>
</CsoundSynthesizer>


References

This filter is based on the work of Will Pirkle that employs Vadim Zavalishin's work with bilinear tranforms to create topology-preserving transform (TPT) implementations of analog filters.

  1. Pirkle, Will. Designing Software Synthesizer Plug-ins in C++: For RackAFX, VST3, and Audio Units. CRC Press, 2014.

  2. Pirkle, Will. AN-4: Virtual Analog (VA) Filter Implementation. 2013.

  3. Zavalishin, Vadim. "The Art of VA filter design." Native Instruments, 2012.

Credits

Author: Steven Yi
April 2017

New in Csound 6.09.0