barmodel — Creates a tone similar to a struck metal bar.


Audio output is a tone similar to a struck metal bar, using a physical model developed from solving the partial differential equation. There are controls over the boundary conditions as well as the bar characteristics.


ares barmodel kbcL, kbcR, iK, ib, kscan, iT30, ipos, ivel, iwid


iK -- dimensionless stiffness parameter. If this parameter is negative then the initialisation is skipped and the previous state of the bar is continued.

ib -- high-frequency loss parameter (keep this small).

iT30 -- 30 db decay time in seconds.

ipos -- position along the bar that the strike occurs.

ivel -- normalized strike velocity.

iwid -- spatial width of strike.


A note is played on a metalic bar, with the arguments as below.

kbcL -- Boundary condition at left end of bar (1 is clamped, 2 pivoting and 3 free).

kbcR -- Boundary condition at right end of bar (1 is clamped, 2 pivoting and 3 free).

kscan -- Speed of scanning the output location.

Note that changing the boundary conditions during playing may lead to glitches and is made available as an experiment. The use of a non-zero kscan can give apparent re-introduction of sound due to modulation.


Here is an example of the barmodel opcode. It uses the file barmodel.csd.

Example 91. Example of the barmodel opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in    No messages
-odac           -iadc     -d     ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o barmodel.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

; Initialize the global variables.
  sr        =           44100
  kr        =           4410
  ksmps     =           10
  nchnls    =           1

; Instrument #1.
instr 1
  aq        barmodel    1, 1, p4, 0.001, 0.23, 5, p5, p6, p7
            out         aq


i1 0.0 0.5  3 0.2 500  0.05
i1 0.5 0.5 -3 0.3 1000 0.05
i1 1.0 0.5 -3 0.4 1000 0.1
i1 1.5 4.0 -3 0.5 800  0.05
/* barmodel */


See Also

Models and Emulations


Author: Stefan Bilbao
University of Edinburgh, UK
Author: John ffitch
University of Bath, Codemist Ltd.
Bath, UK

New in Csound version 5.01