deltapi — Taps a delay line at variable offset times, uses interpolation.


Taps a delay line at variable offset times, uses interpolation.


ares deltapi xdlt


xdlt -- specifies the tapped delay time in seconds. Each can range from 1 control period to the full delay time of the read/write pair; however, since there is no internal check for adherence to this range, the user is wholly responsible. Each argument can be a constant, a variable, or a time-varying signal; the xdlt argument in deltapi implies that an audio-varying delay is permitted there.

deltapi extracts sound by interpolated readout. By interpolating between adjacent stored samples deltapi represents a particular delay time with more accuracy, but it will take about twice as long to run.

This opcode can tap into a delayr/delayw pair, extracting delayed audio from the idlt seconds of stored sound. There can be any number of deltap and/or deltapi units between a read/write pair. Each receives an audio tap with no change of original amplitude.

This opcode can provide multiple delay taps for arbitrary delay path and feedback networks. They can deliver either constant-time or time-varying taps, and are useful for building chorus effects, harmonizers, and Doppler shifts. Constant-time delay taps (and some slowly changing ones) do not need interpolated readout; they are well served by deltap. Medium-paced or fast varying dlt's, however, will need the extra services of deltapi.

delayr/delayw pairs may be interleaved. To associate a delay tap unit with a specific delayr unit, it not only has to be located between that delayr and the appropriate delayw unit, but must also precede any following delayr units. See Example 2. (This feature added in Csound version 3.57 by Jens Groh and John ffitch).

N.B. k-rate delay times are not internally interpolated, but rather lay down stepped time-shifts of audio samples; this will be found quite adequate for slowly changing tap times. For medium to fast-paced changes, however, one should provide a higher resolution audio-rate timeshift as input.


Example 227. deltap example #1

  asource  buzz      1, 440, 20, 1
  atime    linseg    1, p3/2,.01, p3/2,1   ; trace a distance in secs
  ampfac   =         1/atime/atime         ; and calc an amp factor
  adump    delayr    1                     ; set maximum distance
  amove    deltapi   atime                 ; move sound source past
           delayw    asource               ; the listener
           out       amove * ampfac

Example 228. deltap example #2

  ainput1 =	..... 
  ainput2 =	..... 
  kdlyt1  =	..... 
  kdlyt2  =	..... 

;Read delayed signal, first delayr instance:
  adump   delayr  4.0 
  adly1   deltap  kdlyt1       ; associated with first delayr instance

;Read delayed signal, second delayr instance:
  adump   delayr  4.0 
  adly2   deltap  kdlyt2       ; associated with second delayr instance

;Do some cross-coupled manipulation:
  afdbk1  =       0.7 * adly1 + 0.7 * adly2 + ainput1 
  afdbk2  =       -0.7 * adly1 + 0.7 * adly2 + ainput2 

;Feed back signal, associated with first delayr instance:
          delayw  afdbk1 

;Feed back signal, associated with second delayr instance:
          delayw  afdbk2
          outs    adly1, adly2

Here is yet another example of the deltapi opcode. It uses the file deltapi.csd.

Example 229. Example of the deltapi opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
-odac     ;;;RT audio out
;-iadc    ;;;uncomment -iadc if RT audio input is needed too
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o deltapi.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

sr = 44100
ksmps = 32
nchnls = 2
0dbfs = 1   

gasig  init 0   
gidel  = 1		;delay time in seconds
instr 1
ain  pluck .7, 440, 1000, 0, 1
     outs ain, ain

vincr gasig, ain	;send to global delay

instr 2	

ifeedback = p4	

abuf2	delayr	gidel
adelL 	deltapi	.4		;first tap (on left channel)
adelM 	deltapi	1		;second tap (on middle channel)
	delayw	gasig + (adelL * ifeedback)

abuf3	delayr	gidel
kdel	line    1, p3, .01	;vary delay time
adelR 	deltapi .65 * kdel	;one pitch changing tap (on the right chn.)
	delayw	gasig + (adelR * ifeedback)
;make a mix of all deayed signals	
	outs	adelL + adelM, adelR + adelM

clear	gasig


i 1 0 1
i 1 3 1
i 2 0 3  0	;no feedback
i 2 3 8 .8	;lots of feedback

See also