integ — Modify a signal by integration.


Modify a signal by integration.


ares integ asig [, iskip]
kres integ ksig [, iskip]


iskip (optional) -- initial disposition of internal save space (see reson). The default value is 0.


integ and diff perform integration and differentiation on an input control signal or audio signal. Each is the converse of the other, and applying both will reconstruct the original signal. Since these units are special cases of low-pass and high-pass filters, they produce a scaled (and phase shifted) output that is frequency-dependent. Thus diff of a sine produces a cosine, with amplitude 2 * pi * Hz / sr that of the original (for each component partial); integ will inversely affect the magnitudes of its component inputs. With this understanding, these units can provide useful signal modification.


Here is an example of the integ opcode. It uses the file integ.csd.

Example 483. Example of the integ opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
-odac     ;;;RT audio out
;-iadc    ;;;uncomment -iadc if RT audio input is needed too
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o integ.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

sr = 44100
ksmps = 32
nchnls = 2
0dbfs = 1

instr 1

asig diskin2 "fox.wav", 1
     outs asig, asig


instr 2	; with diff

asig diskin2 "fox.wav", 1
ares diff asig
     outs ares, ares


instr 3	; with integ

asig diskin2 "fox.wav", 1
aint integ asig
aint = aint*.05			;way too loud
     outs aint, aint


instr 4	; with diff and integ

asig diskin2 "fox.wav", 1
ares diff asig
aint integ ares
     outs aint, aint



i 1 0 1
i 2 1 1
i 3 2 1
i 4 3 1



See also

Sample Level Operators