##
logcurve

logcurve —
This opcode implements a formula for generating a normalised logarithmic curve in range 0 - 1. It is based on the Max / MSP work of Eric Singer (c) 1994.

## Description

Generates a logarithmic curve in range 0 to 1 of arbitrary steepness.
Steepness index less than 1.0 would result in Not-a-Number
errors and cause unstable behavior, so it is treated as if it
were 1.

The formula used to calculate the curve is:

log(x * (y-1)+1) / (log(y)

where x is equal to *kindex* and y is equal to *ksteepness*.

## Syntax

kout **logcurve** kindex, ksteepness

## Performance

*kindex* -- Index value. Expected range 0 to 1.

*ksteepness* -- Steepness of the generated curve. Values
closer to 1.0 result in a straighter line while larger values steepen the
curve.

*kout* -- Scaled output.

## Examples

Here is an example of the logcurve opcode. It uses the file *logcurve.csd*.

**Example 544. Example of the logcurve opcode.**

See the sections *Real-time Audio* and *Command Line Flags* for more information on using command line flags.

<CsoundSynthesizer>
<CsOptions>
; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out Audio in Silent
-odac -iadc -d ;;;realtime output
</CsOptions>
<CsInstruments>
sr = 48000
ksmps = 100
nchnls = 2
instr 1 ; logcurve test
kmod phasor 1/p3
kout logcurve kmod, p4
printks "kmod = %f kout = %f\\n", 0.1, kmod, kout
endin
</CsInstruments>
<CsScore>
i1 0 10 2
i1 10 10 30
i1 20 10 0.5
e
</CsScore>
</CsoundSynthesizer>

## Credits

Author: David Akbari |

October |

2006 |

Range check introduced in 6.16 by John ffitch |