mvclpf3 — Moog voltage-controlled lowpass filter emulation.


Mvclpf3 is an digital implementation of the 4th-order (24 dB/oct) Moog ladder filter originally written by Fons Andriaensen. According to the author, mvclpf3 "is based on mvclpf2 , with two differences. It uses the the technique described by Stilson and Smith to extend the constant-Q range, and the internal sample frequency is doubled, giving a better approximation to the non-linear behaviour at high freqencies. This version has high Q over the entire frequency range and will oscillate up to above 10 kHz, while the two others show a decreasing Q at high frequencies. Mvclpf3 is reasonably well tuned, and can be 'played' as a VCO up to at least 5 kHz".


asig mvclpf3 ain, xcf, xres[, istor]


istor --initial disposition of internal data space. Since filtering incorporates a feedback loop of previous output, the initial status of the storage space used is significant. A zero value will clear the space; a non-zero value will allow previous information to remain. The default value is 0.


ain -- input signal.

xcf -- filter cutoff frequency. The useful range is around six octaves below and above middle C (pch 8.00).

xres -- resonance, limited to the interval [0,1].


Here is an example of the mvclpf3 opcode. It uses the file mvclpf3.csd.

Example 664. Example of the mvclpf3 opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

0dbfs = 1

instr 1
 kenv linen p4,0.1,p3,0.1
 ain rand kenv 
 kfr expon 220, p3, 1760
 asig mvclpf3 ain,kfr,0.9
   out asig

i1 0 5 0.9

See also

Standard Filters: Resonant Low-pass filters


Author: Fons Andriaensen,
ported to Csound by Victor Lazzarini
January 2016

New in version 6.07

January 2016.