pvscross — Performs cross-synthesis between two source fsigs.


Performs cross-synthesis between two source fsigs.


fsig pvscross fsrc, fdest, kamp1, kamp2


The operation of this opcode is identical to that of pvcross (q.v.), except in using fsigs rather than analysis files, and the absence of spectral envelope preservation. The amplitudes from fsrc and fdest (using scale factors kamp1 for fsrc and kamp2 for fdest) are applied to the frequencies of fsrc. kamp1 and kamp2 must not exceed the range 0 to 1.

With this opcode, cross-synthesis can be performed on real-time audio input, by using pvsanal to generate fsrc and fdest. These must have the same format.

[Warning] Warning

It is unsafe to use the same f-variable for both input and output of pvs opcodes. Using the same one might lead to undefined behavior on some opcodes. Use a different one on the left and right sides of the opcode.


Here is an example of the use of the pvscross opcode. It uses the file pvscross.csd.

Example 842. Example of the pvscross opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
-odac    ;;;realtime audio out
;-iadc    ;;;uncomment -iadc if realtime audio input is needed too
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
;-o pvscross.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

sr = 44100
ksmps = 32
nchnls = 2
0dbfs  = 1

; by Menno Knevel 2021, after an example by joachim heintz 2009

instr 1
  ipermut  = p4                                                  ; 1 = change order of soundfiles
  ifftsize = 1024
  ioverlap = ifftsize / 4
  iwinsize = ifftsize
  iwinshape = 1                                                  ; von-Hann window
  Sfile1 = "oboe.aiff"
  Sfile2 = "finneganswake1.flac"
  ain1   = diskin2:a(Sfile1, .5, 0, 1)
  ain2   = diskin2:a(Sfile2, 1, 0, 1)                             ; the wave plays 4 x faster and higher
  fftin1 = pvsanal(ain1, ifftsize, ioverlap, iwinsize, iwinshape) ; fft-analysis of file 1
  fftin2 = pvsanal(ain2, ifftsize, ioverlap, iwinsize, iwinshape) ; fft-analysis of file 2
  ktrans = linseg(0, p3*.2, 0, p3*.6, p5, p3*.2, p5)              ; transitions
  if ipermut == 1 then
    fcross = pvscross(fftin2, fftin1, ktrans, 1 - ktrans)
    fcross = pvscross(fftin1, fftin2, ktrans, 1 - ktrans)
  aout = pvsynth(fcross)
  outs(aout, aout)

; use only first portion of sample (=p5)
i 1 0 12.7   0    0     ; frequencies from the oboe, no transition
i 1 14 12.7  1    0     ; frequencies from the voice, no transition
; transition over total sample (=p5)
i 1 28 12.7  0    1    ; frequencies from the oboe, amplitude transition from voice to oboe
i 1 42 12.7  1    1    ; frequencies from the voice, amplitude transition from oboe to voice

See also

Tools for Real-time Spectral Processing (pvs opcodes)


Author: Richard Dobson
August 2001

November 2003. Thanks to Kanata Motohashi, fixed the link to the pvcross opcode.

New in version 4.13