pvstencil — Transforms a pvoc stream according to a masking function table.


Transforms a pvoc stream according to a masking function table; if the pvoc stream amplitude falls below the value of the function for a specific pvoc channel, it applies a gain to that channel.

The pvoc stream amplitudes are compared to a masking table, if the fall below the table values, they are scaled by kgain. Prior to the operation, table values are scaled by klevel, which can be used as masking depth control.

Tables have to be at least fftsize/2 in size; for most GENS it is important to use an extended-guard point (size power-of-two plus one), however this is not necessary with GEN43.

One of the typical uses of pvstencil would be in noise reduction. A noise print can be analysed with pvanal into a PVOC-EX file and loaded in a table with GEN43. This then can be used as the masking table for pvstencil and the amount of reduction would be controlled by kgain. Skipping post-normalisation will keep the original noise print average amplitudes. This would provide a good starting point for a successful noise reduction (so that klevel can be generally set to close to 1).

Other possible transformation effects are possible, such as filtering and `inverse-masking'.


fsig pvstencil fsigin, kgain, klevel, iftable


fsig -- output pv stream

fsigin -- input pv stream.

kgain -- `stencil' gain.

klevel -- masking function level (scales the ftable prior to `stenciling') .

iftable -- masking function table.

[Warning] Warning

It is unsafe to use the same f-variable for both input and output of pvs opcodes. Using the same one might lead to undefined behavior on some opcodes. Use a different one on the left and right sides of the opcode.


Here is an example of the pvstencil opcode. It uses the file pvstencil.csd.

Example 873. Example of the pvstencil opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
-odac     ;;;realtime audio out
;-iadc    ;;;uncomment -iadc if real audio input is needed too
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o pvstencil.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform
sr     = 44100
ksmps  = 32
nchnls = 2
0dbfs  = 1

; By Stefano Cucchi - 2021

instr 1

fsource pvsdiskin "fox.pvx", 1, 0.2
kgain1  randomh p4, p5, p6
fstencil1  pvstencil fsource, kgain1, 1, 1
aout1   pvsynth   fstencil1
kgain2  randomh p7, p8, p9
fstencil2  pvstencil fsource, kgain2, 1, 1
aout2   pvsynth   fstencil2
        outs  aout1*0.2, aout2*0.2

f1 0 513 -7 0 128 0.01 256 0 128 0.9
i1 0 10 4 70 4.2 12 95 3.8

For another example of pvstencil, see GEN43

See also

Tools for Real-time Spectral Processing (pvs opcodes)



Author: Victor Lazzarini
November 2004

New plugin in version 5

November 2004.