seqtime — Generates a trigger signal according to the values stored in a table.


Generates a trigger signal according to the values stored in a table.


ktrig_out seqtime ktime_unit, kstart, kloop, kinitndx, kfn_times


ktrig_out -- output trigger signal

ktime_unit -- unit of measure of time, related to seconds.

kstart -- start index of looped section

kloop -- end index of looped section

kinitndx -- initial index

[Note] Note

Although kinitndx is listed as k-rate, it is in fact accessed only at init-time. So if you are using a k-rate argument, it must be assigned with init.

kfn_times -- number of table containing a sequence of times

This opcode handles timed-sequences of groups of values stored into a table.

seqtime generates a trigger signal (a sequence of impulses, see also trigger opcode), according to the values stored in the kfn_times table. This table should contain a series of delta-times (i.e. times beetween to adjacent events). The time units stored into table are expressed in seconds, but can be rescaled by means of ktime_unit argument. The table can be filled with GEN02 or by means of an external text-file containing numbers, with GEN23.

[Note] Note

Note that the kloop index marks the loop boundary and is NOT included in the looped elements. If you want to loop the first four elements, you would set kstart to 0 and kloop to 4.

It is possible to start the sequence from a value different than the first, by assigning to kinitndx an index different than zero (which corresponds to the first value of the table). Normally the sequence is looped, and the start and end of loop can be adjusted by modifying kstart and kloop arguments. User must be sure that values of these arguments (as well as kinitndx) correspond to valid table numbers, otherwise Csound will crash (because no range-checking is implementeted).

It is possible to disable loop (one-shot mode) by assigning the same value both to kstart and kloop arguments. In this case, the last read element will be the one corresponding to the value of such arguments. Table can be read backward by assigning a negative kloop value. It is possible to trigger two events almost at the same time (actually separated by a k-cycle) by giving a zero value to the corresponding delta-time. First element contained in the table should be zero, if the user intends to send a trigger impulse, it should come immediately after the orchestra instrument containing seqtime opcode.


Here is an example of the seqtime opcode. It uses the file seqtime.csd.

Example 978. Example of the seqtime opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.


; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in
-odac           -iadc    ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o seqtime.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform


 sr = 44100
 ksmps = 64
 nchnls = 1

; By Tim Mortimer and Andres Cabrera 2007

0dbfs = 1

gisine         ftgen    0, 0, 8192, 10,    1
;;; table defining an integer pitch set
gipset    ftgen     0, 0, 4, -2, 8.00, 8.04, 8.07, 8.10
;;;DELTA times for seqtime
gidelta    ftgen    0, 0, 4, -2, .5, 1, .25, 1.25

  instr 1

kndx init 0
ktrigger init 0

ktime_unit init 1
kstart init p4
kloop init p5
kinitndx init 0
kfn_times init gidelta

ktrigger seqtime ktime_unit, kstart, kloop, kinitndx, kfn_times

printk2 ktrigger

if (ktrigger > 0) then
   kpitch table kndx, gipset
   event "i", 2, 0, 1, kpitch
   kndx = kndx + 1
   kndx = kndx % kloop


  instr 2
icps = cpspch (p4)
a1    buzz    1, icps, 7, gisine
aamp expseg    0.00003,.02,1,p3-.02,0.00003

a1 = a1 * aamp * 0.5

out a1


;      start    dur   kstart  kloop
i 1	0	7	0	4
i 1	8	10	0	3
i 1	19	10	4	4



See also

Sensing and Control: Tempo and Sequencing


Author: Gabriel Maldonado

November 2002. Added a note about the kinitndx parameter, thanks to Rasmus Ekman.

New in version 4.06

Example by: Tim Mortimer and Andres Cabrera 2007