statevar — State-variable filter.


Statevar is a new digital implementation of the analogue state-variable filter. This filter has four simultaneous outputs: high-pass, low-pass, band-pass and band-reject. This filter uses oversampling for sharper resonance (default: 3 times oversampling). It includes a resonance limiter that prevents the filter from getting unstable.


ahp,alp,abp,abr statevar ain, xcf, xq [, iosamps, istor]


iosamps -- number of times of oversampling used in the filtering process. This will determine the maximum sharpness of the filter resonance (Q). More oversampling allows higher Qs, less oversampling will limit the resonance. The default is 3 times (iosamps=0).

istor --initial disposition of internal data space. Since filtering incorporates a feedback loop of previous output, the initial status of the storage space used is significant. A zero value will clear the space; a non-zero value will allow previous information to remain. The default value is 0.


ahp -- high-pass output signal.

alp -- low-pass output signal.

abp -- band-pass signal.

abr -- band-reject signal.

asig -- input signal.

xcf -- filter cutoff frequency (k-rate or a-rate).

xq -- filter Q (k-rate or a-rate). This value is limited internally depending on the frequency and the number of times of oversampling used in the process (3-times oversampling by default).


Here is an example of the statevar opcode. It uses the file statevar.csd.

Example 1029. Example of the statevar opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
-odac      ;;;realtime audio out
;-iadc    ;;;uncomment -iadc if realtime audio input is needed too
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o statevar.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

sr = 44100 
ksmps = 32 
0dbfs  = 1 
nchnls = 2

instr 1

kenv linseg 0,0.1,1, p3-0.2,1, 0.1, 0		;declick envelope	
asig buzz .6*kenv, 100, 100, 1
kf   expseg 100, p3/2, 5000, p3/2, 1000		;envelope for filter cutoff
ahp,alp,abp,abr statevar asig, kf, 4
     outs alp,ahp				; lowpass left, highpass right
f 1 0 16384 10 1	;sine wave

i1 0 5 

See also

Standard Filters: Resonant Low-pass filters


Author: Victor Lazzarini
January 2005

New plugin in version 5

January 2005.

Audio rate parameters introduced in version 6.02

October 2013.